As you might know, Toury was a world-renowned scholar from the University of Tel Aviv who played a key role in the establishment of Translation Studies in the rank of science. Convinced that translation studies lagged behind in the use of methods to observe the various phenomena of the field and describe them, Toury developed a framework for a systematic research approach suitable for the field of translation studies. In his view, translation studies should no longer borrow theoretical elements from related disciplines such as contrastive linguistics, literature, pragmatics, and sociolinguistics. In his seminal book Descriptive Translation Studies and Beyond, he set out the basis for what has come to be knowns as descriptive translation studies, as both a scholarly activity and a branch of the discipline.
I personally used his framework to conduct my doctoral research on approaches for the translation of dispute resolution documents within the framework of NAFTA. I am grateful for his work.
RIP Gideon Toury.